Neurobehavioral effects of tetrabromobisphenol A, a brominated flame retardant, in mice

Akira Nakajima, Daisuke Saigusa, Naomi Tetsu, Toru Yamakuni, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Takanori Hishinuma

研究成果: Article査読

95 被引用数 (Scopus)


Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is widely used as a flame retardant and is suspected to be stable in the environment with possible widespread human exposures. In the present study, we investigated the behavioral effects of TBBPA and measured the levels of TBBPA in the brain after oral administration in mice. Acute treatment with TBBPA (5 mg/kg body weight) 3 h before the open-field test induced an increase in the horizontal movement activities. In contextual fear conditioning paradigm, mice treated with TBBPA (0.1 mg/kg or 5 mg/kg body weight) showed more freezing behavior than vehicle-treated mice. In addition, TBBPA (0.1 mg/kg body weight) significantly increased the spontaneous alternation behavior in the Y-maze test. The levels of TBBPA in the brain following TBBPA treatment were determined by using LC/ESI-MS/MS system. In the brain regions examined, high amounts of TBBPA were detected in the striatum after treatment with 0.1 mg/kg or 5 mg/kg body weight TBBPA, whereas non-specific accumulation of TBBPA in the brain was found after treatment with 250 mg/kg body weight TBBPA. These results suggest that TBBPA accumulates in brain regions including the striatum and induces the behavioral alterations. Together, the possibility of widespread human exposure to TBBPA warrants further studies to characterize its neurotoxicity.

ジャーナルToxicology Letters
出版ステータスPublished - 2009 8月 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 毒物学


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