Negative regulation of the erythropoietin gene expression by the GATA transcription factors

Shigehiko Imagawa, Masayuki Yamamoto, Yasusada Miura

研究成果: Article査読

106 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We examined regulation of the human erythropoietin (Epo) gene through the GATA sequence in the Epo promoter and showed that Hep3B and HepG2 cells express human GATA-2 (hGATA-2) mRNA and protein. Nuclear extracts of QT6 cells transfected with hGATA-1, 2, or 3 transcription factors showed specific binding to the GATA element in the human Epo gene promoter by gel mobility shift assay. Transient transfection of Hep3B cells with hGATA-1, 2, or 3 showed that each of these transcription factors significantly decreased the level of expression of Epo mRNA as assessed by a competitive polymerase chain reaction. Transient transfection of Hep3B cells with hGATA-1, 2, and 3 and an Epo-reporter gene (growth hormone [GH]) construct showed significant inhibition of the Epo promoter. Antisense oligonucleotide for hGATA-2 transcription factor significantly increased the Epo protein in Hep3B cells under 1% O2 for 24 hours incubation. Furthermore, transient transfection of Hep3B cells with hGATA-1, 2, and 3 and an Epo-reporter gene (luciferase) construct also showed significant inhibition of the Epo promoter. However, transfection of the mutated GATA sequence of the Epo-luciferase gene with hGATA-1, 2, and 3 interfere with the inhibition of the Epo promoter. We conclude that the hGATA-1, 2, and 3 transcription factors specifically bind to the GATA element in the human Epo gene promoter and negatively regulate Epo gene expression.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1430-1439
ページ数10
ジャーナルBlood
89
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1997 2 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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