Nanocatalysis as an immerging research topic has attracted much attention in the past years. Functionalized materials with a nano-/submicro-dimension displayed a more significant and dramatically powerful catalytic capability than traditional catalysts in organic chemical reactions due to the increased surface area and multiple catalytic centers. Especially, for chiral catalysis and natural product synthesis, nanocatalysts are and will play an important role in enhancing the yield and TON (turn-over number), facilitating the purification and realizing the efficient catalyzation in a recycling manner. This review article aims to conclude the recent proceedings on nanocatalysis, such as catalyst design, construction and modifications, and their applications in organic reactions, particularly to chemo-selective and coupling reactions. Further discussions will outlook the future trends as well as current challenges in this field.
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