We have devised an allele-specific amplification method with a TaqMan fluorogenic probe (TaqMan-ASA) for the detection of point mutations. Pairwise PCR amplification using two sets of allele-specific primers in the presence of a TaqMan probe was monitored in real time with a fluorescence detector. Difference in amplification efficiency between the two PCR reactions was determined by 'threshold' cycles to differentiate mutant and normal alleles without post-PCR processing. The method measured the efficiency of amplification rather than the presence or absence of end-point PCR products, therefore allowing greater flexibility in designing allele-specific primers and an ample technical margin for allelic discrimination. We applied the TaqMan-ASA method to detect a prevalent 727G>T mutation in Japanese patients with glycogen storage disease type Ia and a common 985A>G mutation in Caucasian patients with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. The method can be automated and may be applicable to the DNA diagnosis of various genetic diseases. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2000 2 14|
ASJC Scopus subject areas