Muramyldipeptide augments the actions of lipopolysaccharide in mice by stimulating macrophages to produce pro-IL-1β and by down-regulation of the suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1)

Yosuke Shikama, Toshinobu Kuroishi, Yasuhiro Nagai, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hidetoshi Shimauchi, Haruhiko Takada, Shunji Sugawara, Yasuo Endo

研究成果: Article査読

20 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Muramyldipeptide (MDP), the minimum essential structure responsible for the immuno-adjuvant activity of peptidoglycan, is recognized by intracellular nuclear-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2). Muramyldipeptide enhances the activities of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), but the mechanism underlying this effect is unclear. Here, we obtained evidence that intravenously injected MDP augments LPS-induced hypothermia in wild-type mice, but not in mice deficient in interleukin (IL)-1α/β and/or tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Muramyldipeptide also: (i) increased pro-IL-1β in tissues, but did not increase IL-1β in serum (since caspase-1 was not activated by MDP); (ii) downregulated the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1; a negative-feedback regulator of LPS-induced signaling); and (iii) augmented the LPS-induced production of TNF-α, IL-12 p40, and interferon (IFN)-?. Moreover, by performing in vivo and in vitro experiments, we obtained evidence that macrophages were involved in these effects of MDP. These results suggest that two different mechanisms may underlie the augmenting effect of MDP: namely, stimulation of pro-IL-1β production by, and down-regulation of SOCS1 in, macrophages. We consider that this work may help to elucidate the pathogenesis of mixed bacterial infections, including septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS).

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3-15
ページ数13
ジャーナルInnate Immunity
17
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

フィンガープリント 「Muramyldipeptide augments the actions of lipopolysaccharide in mice by stimulating macrophages to produce pro-IL-1β and by down-regulation of the suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1)」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル