Two human mammary carcinoma cell variants, MCF-7/AZ and MCF-7/6, show the same composition in their glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomain (GEM) with regard to globo-series structures Gb3, Gb4, Gb5, monosialyl-Gb5, GM2, and cSrc and FAK. Both variants are non-invasive into collagen gel layer, and showed similar motility in wound migration assay. Whereas invasiveness and motility of MCF-7/AZ cells were enhanced greatly by treatment with mAb RM1 directed to monosialyl-Gb5, the same RM1 treatment had no effect on MCF-7/6. cSrc and FAK of MCF-7/AZ, but not MCF-7/6, were activated by RM1 treatment. Thus, malignancy of MCF-7 is highly dependent on monosialyl-Gb5, and its activation of cSrc and FAK in GEM.
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