Activated macrophages have been classified into classical (M1) and alternative (M2) macrophages. We aimed to establish a method to yield enough number of macrophages to analyze their molecular, biological and immunological functions. We used drugs; adjuvant albumin from chicken egg whites-Imject Alum (OVA-Alum) and OVA Complete Freund Adjuvant (OVA-CFA), to induce macrophages to M2 and M1 respectively. We analyzed the phenotype of purified macrophages induced under these immune conditions, using flow cytometry (FACS) to detect cell-surface molecules and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect cytokines. The cDNA microarray was employed to measure changes in expression level of cell surface protein between M1 and M2 macrophages. Phenotype analysis of purified macrophages, induced under these immune conditions, showed macrophages induced by OVA-Alum was almost M2 while the proportion of M1 macrophages induced by OVA-CFA was significantly higher. The results also showed higher expression level of macrophage galactose N-acetyl-galactosamine specific lectin-2 protein (MGL1/2-PE), a known M2 macrophage marker, on the surface of Alum-induced macrophages. On the basis of these preliminary data, ELISA results revealed that after macrophage stimulation with lipopolysaccharides (LPS), the level of interleukin (IL)-10 produced by Alum-induced macrophages was higher than the level of IL-10 produced by CFA-induced macrophages. In contrast, the level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-á) produced by CFA-induced macrophages was higher than Alum-induced macrophages. The cDNA microarray confirmed previous results and suggest immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor alpha (Pilra) as a new marker for M1, macrophage galactose N-acetylgalactosamine-specific lectin 2 (Mgl2) as M2 macrophages marker.
|ジャーナル||Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2015 6月 1|
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