Molecular basis distinguishing the DNA binding profile of Nrf2-Maf heterodimer from that of Maf homodimer

Momoko Kimura, Tae Yamamoto, Jianyong Zhang, Ken Itoh, Motoki Kyo, Terue Kamiya, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Fumiki Katsuoka, Hirofumi Kurokawa, Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hozumi Motohashi, Masayuki Yamamoto

研究成果: Article査読

77 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Nrf2-small Maf heterodimer activates the transcription of many cytoprotective genes through the antioxidant response element and serves as a key factor in xenobiotic and oxidative stress responses. Our surface plasmon resonance-microarray binding analysis revealed that both Nrf2-MafG heterodimer and MafG homodimer bind to the consensus Maf recognition element with high affinity but bind differentially to the suboptimal binding sequences degenerated from the consensus. We examined the molecular basis distinguishing the binding profile of Nrf2-MafG heterodimer from that of MafG homodimer and found that the Ala-502 residue in the basic region of Nrf2 is a critical determinant of its binding specificity. In Maf proteins, a tyrosine resides in the position corresponding to Ala-502 in Nrf2. We prepared a mutant Nrf2 molecule in which Ala-502 was replaced with tyrosine. In surface plasmon resonance-microarray analysis, heterodimer of Nrf2(A502Y) and MafG displayed a binding specificity similar to that of MafG homodimer. The target genes activated by mutant Nrf2(A502Y)-small Maf heterodimer were largely different, albeit with some overlap, from those activated by wild-type Nrf2-small Maf, indicating that the array of target genes regulated by Nrf2-small Maf heterodimer differs substantially from that regulated by Maf homodimer in vivo. These results suggest that the distinct DNA binding profile of Nrf2-Maf heterodimer is biologically significant for Nrf2 to function as a key regulator of cytoprotective genes. Our contention is supported that the differential DNA binding specificity between Maf homodimers and Nrf2-Maf heterodimers establishes the differential gene regulation by these dimer-forming transcription factors.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)33681-33690
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
282
46
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 11 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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