The Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction is an oscillating reaction due to periodic oscillations that happen in the concentration of some intermediates. Such systems can be applied together with hydrophobic membranes to create an autonomous behavior in artificial systems. However, because of a complex set of reactions happening in such systems, the interferences caused by hydrophobic membranes are not easily understood. In this study, we tested lipid membranes composed of trimethylammonium-propane (TAP) and phosphate (PA) lipids in an attempt to break down how the polar region of phosphatidylcholine (PC) lipid membranes affect the BZ reaction. According to our findings, the trimethylammonium group and membrane fluidity are crucial to change the frequency of oscillations in the reaction. In addition, the results also indicate a possible complexation of cerium ions with membranes with a phosphate head group.
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