Mineralization rates of soil N in Hokkaido upland fields, Japan, were determined in the laboratory using 15NH4 + dilution technique at ambient temperatures. The soil samples were collected every month from fields of a Brown Andosol and an Ordinary Andosol from 21 May until 22 September 1984. The gross mineralization rates obtained ranged from 1.15 to 2.21 μg N g-1 day-1 for the Brown Andosol, and from 1.60 to 3.77 for the Ordinary Andosol. The rates were highest in July for both the soils. Assuming a topsoil thickness of 35 cm, the total amount of soil N mineralized during the growing season of maize was calculated to be 521 kg N ha -1 in the Brown Andosol and 808 in the Ordinary Andosol. Amounts of soil N absorbed by maize in the Brown Andosol were determined in the presence or absence of applied (15NH4)2SO4. The total amount of soil N absorbed was 56 kg N ha-1 in the plot applied with N-fertilizer, and 46 kg N ha -1 in the plot without N-fertilizer. The values corresponded to 11 and 9%, respectively, of the total inorganic N mineralized during the growing season for maize.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Soil Science