Micro-X-Ray Diffraction Study of New Nickel-Titanium Rotary Endodontic Instruments

William A. Brantley, Masahiro Iijima, William A.T. Clark, Scott R. Schricker, John M. Nusstein, Itaru Mizoguchi

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

Background: Next-generation rotary endodontic instruments with improved clinical performance are being fabricated from special superelastic NiTi wires. We are reporting the initial metallurgical study of two recently introduced rotary instruments, HyFlex® CM™ (Coltène Whaledent) and Vortex Blue® (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties), using Micro-X-ray diffraction. A wide range of sizes and tapers was examined, and analyses were performed at five sites on each instrument. Results: Similar x-ray diffraction patterns were observed for both instruments, and no dependence on size and taper was found. The lowest-intensity peaks occurred for the tip region. Four austenite peaks and one martensite peak were evident, along with a lowerangle peak that matched anatase titanium oxide. Preferred orientation existed for both austenite and martensite. Conclusions: Instruments were manufactured by similar proprietary processes. Future metallographic, SEM and TEM observations are needed to characterize instrument microstructures fully, since x-ray diffraction peak intensities are considerably diminished for the work-hardened martensite phase.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルBiomaterials Science
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルProcessing, Properties and Applications V: Ceramic Transactions, Volume 254
出版社wiley
ページ47-54
ページ数8
ISBN(電子版)9781119190134
ISBN(印刷版)9781119190028
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 9 4
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 工学(全般)
  • 材料科学(全般)

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