Bone tissue engineering has been widely studied and proposed as a promising platform for correcting the bone defects. The applications of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based bone tissue engineering have been investigated in various in vitro and in vivo models. In this regard, the promising animal bone defect models have been employed for illustrating the bone regenerative capacity of MSC-based bone tissue engineering. However, most studies aimed for clinical applications in human. These evidences suggest a knowledge gap to fulfill the accomplishment for veterinary implementation. In this review, the fundamental concept, knowledge, and technology of MSC-based bone tissue engineering focusing on veterinary applications are summarized. In addition, the potential canine MSCs resources for veterinary bone tissue engineering are reviewed, including canine bone marrow-derived MSCs, canine adipose-derived MSCs, and canine dental tissue-derived MSCs. This review will provide a basic and current information for studies aiming for the utilization of MSC-based bone tissue engineering in veterinary practice.
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