Mechanism of Oxidative Amidation of Nitroalkanes with Oxygen and Amine Nucleophiles by Using Electrophilic Iodine

Jing Li, Martin J. Lear, Eunsang Kwon, Yujiro Hayashi

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recently, we developed a direct method to oxidatively convert primary nitroalkanes into amides that entailed mixing an iodonium source with an amine, base, and oxygen. Herein, we systematically investigated the mechanism and likely intermediates of such methods. We conclude that an amine-iodonium complex first forms through N-halogen bonding. This complex reacts with aci-nitronates to give both α-iodo- and α,α-diiodonitroalkanes, which can act as alternative sources of electrophilic iodine and also generate an extra equimolar amount of I+ under O2. In particular, evidence supports α,α-diiodonitroalkane intermediates reacting with molecular oxygen to form a peroxy adduct; alternatively, these tetrahedral intermediates rearrange anaerobically to form a cleavable nitrite ester. In either case, activated esters are proposed to form that eventually reacts with nucleophilic amines in a traditional fashion.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)5538-5542
ページ数5
ジャーナルChemistry - A European Journal
22
16
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 4 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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