Transport in gut is important, not only for digestion, metabolism, and nutrient uptake, but also for microbiotic circumstance in the digestive tract; however, the effects of mixing and pumping in the intestine have not been fully clarified. Therefore, in this study, we quantitatively explored intestinal mixing and pumping, represented using a dispersion coefficient and pressure rise in zebrafish larvae, which is a model organism for vertebrate digestive studies, over time by measuring transport phenomena after feeding. Here we provide the first quantitative evidence of the roles of anterograde and retrograde intestinal peristalses in the larval fish of Danio rerio after feeding in terms of digestive pumping and mixing functions by an in vivo imaging of intestinal propagation waves in the larval intestine. Peristaltic velocities in the anterior and posterior intestines change considerably after feeding for 5 h, while the intervals and amplitudes remain almost constant. The intestinal transport is successively visualized after feeding to elimination. Moreover, the particle tracking velocimetry in the chyme leads our quantitative understanding of outstanding mixing and pumping functions in the anterior and posterior intestines by adopting physical parameters of diffusivity and pressure rise, respectively. From scaling analysis, we found that the anterior intestine maintains mixing for 5 h from feeding, whereas the posterior intestine activates gradually pumping up. These results suggest that time change of pumping and mixing functions of intestinal peristalsis could considerably influence the nutrient uptake and microbiotic circumstance in the larval fish intestine. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Transport in gut is important, not only for digestion, metabolism, and nutrient uptake, but also for microbiotic circumstance; however, hydrodynamic effects in the intestine have not been fully clarified. We provide the first quantitative evidence of the mechanical roles of anterograde and retrograde intestinal peristalses in the larval fish of Danio rerio by adopting physical parameters of diffusivity and pressure rise. The intestine transitionally regulates mixing and pumping functions by peristaltic propagations after feeding.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 6|
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