The effectiveness of applying selective laser melting (SLM) to a CoCrFeNiTi-based high-entropy alloy was compared with that of using electron beam melting (EBM). The higher solidification rate during SLM promoted a fine uniform microstructure with no visible segregation, which led to superior tensile properties (yield strength: 773.0 ± 4.2 MPa, ultimate tensile strength: 1178.0 MPa, elongation: 25.8 ± 0.6%) and a higher pitting potential (0.88 ± 0.03 V versus Ag/AgCl in a 3.5% NaCl solution at 353 K) in comparison to the EBM specimens (743.4 ± 11.6, 932.2 ± 4.8 MPa, 4.0 ± 0.2%, and 0.50 ± 0.04 V versus Ag/AgCl, respectively). The effect of a solution treatment on the tensile properties and pitting-corrosion resistance of the SLM specimens was then examined. The effect of the solution treatment on these properties depended on the cooling method used during the treatment. In particular, the tensile properties and pitting-corrosion resistance improved as a result of water quenching. On the other hand, the properties of the solution-treated specimens depended on the size and volume fraction of very fine-ordered particles, with diameters of tens of nanometers that contained Ni and Ti. The as-built and solution-treated SLM specimens exhibited excellent tensile strength and exceptional pitting-corrosion resistance; they had higher tensile strength and pitting-corrosion resistance than the conventional high-corrosion-resistant alloys.
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