We applied the time-domain analysis of nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) of X-rays for the study of the hydrogen-induced enhancement of atomic diffusion. The time-domain analysis of NRS is a powerful technique for studying diffusion processes on an atomic scale. The NRS measurement combined with high-pressure technique enables the direct measurement of self-diffusion processes under high hydrogen pressures. In this preliminary experiment, self-diffusion in 4 μm thick 57 Fe foils at 0.8 GPa was investigated. The samples of the 57 Fe were encapsulated with MgO or NaCl. Faster decays caused by diffusion of Fe atoms were observed in the time spectra of NRS at high temperatures. This enhancement of diffusion is believed to be the hydrogen-induced effect. In the present experiment, hydrogen should have been supplied to the samples by reaction with water originally adsorbed on NaCl/MgO powder particles. It was concluded that the diffusion of 57 Fe atoms under high pressure can be studied by nuclear resonant scattering of X-rays using a compact cubic-anvil press. The NRS method can also be extended to the study of atomic diffusion in the subsurface region by doping 57 Fe layer(s) at known depths.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)