Magnetoelectric effect in the quantum spin gap system TlCuCl3

Shojiro Kimura, Kento Kakihata, Yuya Sawada, Kazuo Watanabe, Masashige Matsumoto, Masayuki Hagiwara, Hidekazu Tanaka

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Quantum magnets, which involve strong quantum fluctuation stemming from noncommutative properties of spin operators, have attracted much attention because of those fascinating properties. In this paper, we report detailed behaviors of the ferroelectricity, driven by the field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation of magnon quasiparticles in the quantum spin gap system TlCuCl3. Superposition of the wave functions inherent in a quantum magnet in its ground state plays a key role in the appearance of this ferroelectricity. The field dependence of the spontaneous electric polarization clearly demonstrates that the ferroelectricity is caused by the emergence of the vector spin chirality in the magnon Bose-Einstein condensate. The ferroelectricity is suggested to be significantly enhanced by quantum entanglement in the spin dimer. Furthermore, reflecting the isotropic nature of TlCuCl3, the ferroelectricity is very soft with a low electric coercive field Er≃0.03 MV/m. Our analysis indicates that vector components of the electric polarization, which are not caused by the spin current mechanism, appear in TlCuCl3.

本文言語English
論文番号184420
ジャーナルPhysical Review B
95
18
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 5月 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学

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