Large-scale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system is considered one of promising technologies to realise next-generation wireless communication system (5G). So far, channel estimation problem is a big obstacle to develop large-scale MIMO system design due to high computational complexity and curse of dimensionality, which are caused by the long delay spread as well as a large number of antennas. Hence, devising any low-complexity channel estimation method could promote the successful development of the large-scale MIMO system. Due to the fact that, large-scale MIMO channels often exhibit sparse or/and cluster-sparse structure, in this study, the authors propose an effective low-complexity large-scale MIMO channel estimation method by using affine combination of sparse adaptive filtering filters. First, problem formulation and standard affine combination of adaptive least mean square (LMS) filters are introduced. Then they propose an effective affine combination method with two sparse LMS filters and design an approximate optimum affine combiner according to stochastic gradient search method. Later, to verify the proposed algorithm for large-scale MIMO channel estimation, both theoretical analysis and numerical simulations are provided to confirm effectiveness of the proposed algorithm which can achieve better estimation performance than the traditional methods.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering