The loading effect on alternating current potential drop (ACPD) for a ferromagnetic material containing a two-dimensional surface crack was investigated under opening mode loading without shear (mode I). The change in potential drop due to load was obtained with and without a magnetic field around the specimen. To remove the magnetic field from the circumference of the specimen, a new measuring system using the characteristic of coaxial transmission line was made. When the magnetic field does not exist around the specimen, the change in potential drop with load is governed by the change in electromagnetic properties near the crack tip. The results obtained by using the new measuring system are the basis for an application of the ACPD technique to the experimental determination of the stress intensity factor, since they are independent of the arrangement of the measuring probe lines and the current supply lines. The relationship between the change in potential drop and the change in load is linearized by demagnetization. The change in potential drop per unit change in the stress intensity factor is independent of the crack length.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1997 6月|
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