Lithiophilic 3D Nanoporous Nitrogen-Doped Graphene for Dendrite-Free and Ultrahigh-Rate Lithium-Metal Anodes

Gang Huang, Jiuhui Han, Fan Zhang, Ziqian Wang, Hamzeh Kashani, Kentaro Watanabe, Mingwei Chen

研究成果: Article査読

178 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The key bottlenecks hindering the practical implementations of lithium-metal anodes in high-energy-density rechargeable batteries are the uncontrolled dendrite growth and infinite volume changes during charging and discharging, which lead to short lifespan and catastrophic safety hazards. In principle, these problems can be mitigated or even solved by loading lithium into a high-surface-area, conductive, and lithiophilic porous scaffold. However, a suitable material that can synchronously host a large loading amount of lithium and endure a large current density has not been achieved. Here, a lithiophilic 3D nanoporous nitrogen-doped graphene as the sought-after scaffold material for lithium anodes is reported. The high surface area, large porosity, and high conductivity of the nanoporous graphene concede not only dendrite-free stripping/plating but also abundant open space accommodating volume fluctuations of lithium. This ingenious scaffold endows the lithium composite anode with a long-term cycling stability and ultrahigh rate capability, significantly improving the charge storage performance of high-energy-density rechargeable lithium batteries.

本文言語English
論文番号1805334
ジャーナルAdvanced Materials
31
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 1月 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 材料力学
  • 機械工学

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