Liquid crystal (LC) is one of the most representative functional materials, which shows both fluidity and crystallinity. Material showing liquid-crystalline property induced by the changes of the temperatures is called as thermotropic LC. On the other hand, matter exhibiting such property by the changes of the concentration of the solutions is named lyotropic LC. The discovery of the LC goes back to the report about a cloudy liquid state of cholesteryl benzoate, observed by heating, by Reinitzer in 1888. This is the first example of the thermotropic LC and the pioneering work about LCs. Further detailed descriptions about the histories and the general characters of LCs are well summarized in the literatures (Ekisho Binran, 2000; Ekisho no Kagaku, 1994; Ekisho Zairyo, 1991; Collings and Hird, 1997).
|ホスト出版物のタイトル||Nanoparticle Technology Handbook|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018 5 11|
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