Lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-catalyzed hydrolysis of plasma lipoproteins is a rate-limiting step in the transport of lipids into the peripheral tissues of broiler chickens. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether LPL mRNA expression in adipose tissue is affected by age or nutritional treatments, with a view to reducing fat accumulation in broiler chickens. The study found that chicken LPL mRNA expression in abdominal adipose tissue did not differ significantly between chickens aged 4, 6, and 8 wk, but there was less expression of LPL mRNA in 2-wk-old chickens. In nutritional modulation, LPL mRNA levels in abdominal adipose tissues were not modified by 48-h feed deprivation or by subsequent refeeding for 48 h. In addition, expression of LPL mRNA was not significantly altered in chickens fed for 7 d on diets containing 8% olive oil (triolein rich), safflower oil (trilinolein rich), or linseed oil (trilinolenin rich). On the other hand, adipose LPL mRNA expression in chickens force-fed for 12 h with a trilinolenin (18:3) emulsion after 48-h feed deprivation was significantly decreased when compared to that in chickens force-fed with a triolein (18:1) or trilinolein (18:2) emulsion. Changes to LPL immunoreactive protein levels in chicken abdominal adipose tissues brought about by aging and nutritional manipulations were similar to those observed in relation to mRNA expression. These findings suggest that LPL mRNA expression in growing chickens is less responsive to aging and nutritional manipulation than in mammals, thereby indicating specificity of physiological response on broiler chicken LPL.
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