Liparid and macrourid fishes of the hadal zone: In situ observations of activity and feeding behaviour

A. J. Jamieson, T. Fujii, M. Solan, A. K. Matsumoto, P. M. Bagley, I. G. Priede

研究成果: Article査読

75 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Using baited camera landers, the first images of living fishes were recorded in the hadal zone (6000-11000m) in the Pacific Ocean. The widespread abyssal macrourid Coryphaenoides yaquinae was observed at a new depth record of approximately 7000m in the Japan Trench. Two endemic species of liparid were observed at similar depths: Pseudoliparis amblystomopsis in the Japan Trench and Notoliparis kermadecensis in the Kermadec Trench. From these observations, we have documented swimming and feeding behaviour of these species and derived the first estimates of hadal fish abundance. The liparids intercepted bait within 100-200min but were observed to preferentially feed on scavenging amphipods. Notoliparis kermadecensis act as top predators in the hadal food web, exhibiting up to nine suction-feeding events per minute. Both species showed distinctive swimming gaits: P. amblystomopsis (mean length 22.5cm) displayed a mean tail-beat frequency of 0.47Hz and mean caudal:pectoral frequency ratio of 0.76, whereas N. kermadecensis (mean length 31.5cm) displayed respective values of 1.04 and 2.08Hz. Despite living at extreme depths, these endemic liparids exhibit similar activity levels compared with shallow-water liparids.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1037-1045
ページ数9
ジャーナルProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
276
1659
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2009 3月 22
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 環境科学(全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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