Phonon softening phenomena of the Γ point optical modes including the longitudinal optical mode, transverse optical mode and radial breathing mode in "metallic" single wall carbon nanotubes are reviewed from a theoretical point of view. The effect of the curvature-induced mini-energy gap on the phonon softening which depends on the Fermi energy and chirality of the nanotube is the main subject of this article. We adopt an effective-mass model with a deformation-induced gauge field which provides us with a unified way to discuss the curvature effect and the electronphonon interaction.
|ジャーナル||Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2010 6|
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