Kinetic study of the scavenging reaction of the aroxyl radical by seven kinds of rice bran extracts in ethanol solution. Development of an aroxyl radical absorption capacity (ARAC) assay method

Kazuo Mukai, Aya Ouchi, Takumi Abe, Kazumasa Murata, Kiyotaka Nakagawa, Teruo Miyazawa

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recently, a new assay method that can quantify the aroxyl radical (ArO•) absorption capacity (ARAC) of antioxidants (AOHs) was proposed. In the present work, the second-order rate constants (ks Extract) and ARAC values for the reaction of ArO• with seven kinds of rice bran extracts 1-7, which contain different concentrations of α-, β-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols and -tocotrienols (α-, β-, γ-, and δ-Tocs and -Toc-3s) and γ-oryzanol, were measured in ethanol at 25 °C using stopped-flow spectrophotometry. The ks Extract value (1.26 × 10-2 M-1 s-1) of Nipponbare (extract 1) with the highest activity was 1.5 times larger than that (8.29 × 10-3) of Milyang-23 (extract 7) with the lowest activity. The concentrations (in mg/100 g) of α-, β-, γ-, and δ-Tocs and -Toc-3s and γ-oryzanol found in the seven extracts 1-7 were determined using HPLC-MS/MS and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, respectively. From the results, it has been clarified that the ArO•-scavenging rates (ks Extract) (that is, the relative ARAC value) obtained for the seven extracts 1-7 may be approximately explained as the sum of the product {∑ ks AOH-i [AOH-i]/105} of the rate constant (ks AOH-i) and the concentration ([AOH-i]/105) of AOH-i (Tocs, Toc-3s, and γ-oryzanol) included in rice bran extracts. The contribution of γ-oryzanol to the ks Extract value was estimated to be between 3.0-4.7% for each extract. Taken together, these results suggest that the ARAC assay method is applicable to general food extracts.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)11901-11909
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
62
49
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 12 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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