Japanese voluntary environmental agreements: Bargaining power and reciprocity as contributors to effectiveness

Eric W. Welch, Akira Hibiki

研究成果: Article査読

23 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Theoretical and empirical research on voluntarism has focused primarily on U.S. and European examples, but has generally failed to consider the Japanese system of voluntary environmental agreements. Nevertheless, Japanese VEAs are one of the world's oldest experiments in voluntary policy; careful analysis of the characteristics and contexts may improve understanding about the critical factors associated with effective voluntary policy. This paper reviews the extant literature on voluntarism focusing specifically on the bargaining context within which agreements are negotiated. It details three factors that contribute to the effectiveness of voluntary policy generally: regulatory bargaining power, non-regulatory bargaining power and reciprocity. The paper then provides a brief but detailed analysis of the development of voluntary agreements in Japan. Comparisons with voluntary policies in the U.S. and Europe are included. Findings indicate similarities and some significant differences between the Japanese system and other national systems of voluntary policy. Conclusions discuss implications for theory and policy.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)401-424
ページ数24
ジャーナルPolicy Sciences
35
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2002 12月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 開発
  • 社会学および政治科学
  • 社会科学(全般)
  • 行政
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律

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