Irritable bowel syndrome

Paul Enck, Qasim Aziz, Giovanni Barbara, Adam D. Farmer, Shin Fukudo, Emeran A. Mayer, Beate Niesler, Eamonn M.M. Quigley, Mirjana Rajilić-Stojanović, Michael Schemann, Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke, Magnus Simren, Stephan Zipfel, Robin C. Spiller

研究成果: Article査読

326 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disease with a high population prevalence. The disorder can be debilitating in some patients, whereas others may have mild or moderate symptoms. The most important single risk factors are female sex, younger age and preceding gastrointestinal infections. Clinical symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain or discomfort, stool irregularities and bloating, as well as other somatic, visceral and psychiatric comorbidities. Currently, the diagnosis of IBS is based on symptoms and the exclusion of other organic diseases, and therapy includes drug treatment of the predominant symptoms, nutrition and psychotherapy. Although the underlying pathogenesis is far from understood, aetiological factors include increased epithelial hyperpermeability, dysbiosis, inflammation, visceral hypersensitivity, epigenetics and genetics, and altered brain-gut interactions. IBS considerably affects quality of life and imposes a profound burden on patients, physicians and the health-care system. The past decade has seen remarkable progress in our understanding of functional bowel disorders such as IBS that will be summarized in this Primer.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1-24
ページ数24
ジャーナルNature Reviews Disease Primers
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 3 24

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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