For the advancement and development of nuclear systems used in heavy irradiation environments such as fusion DEMO reactors, fission reactors, fast reactors, and accelerator driven target systems, it is necessary to fully understand the changes of mechanical properties and the other properties of the materials induced by irradiation and to clarify the synergistic effect of displacement damage and helium generation. In this study the mechanical property changes and microstructural development induce by displacement damage and helium production have been mainly examined in austenitic stainless steels, 316FR and type304, and ferritic/martensitic steel, HCM12A, irradiated at around 550oC in JRR-3M reactor and/or JOYO fast reactor. At 550°C, 316FR steel was superior to 304 steel in terms of the amount of ductility and strength with respect to irradiation resistance. It is noteworthy that at 550 °C as well as room temperature, the higher fracture strength of the 316FR steels is a remarkable result. It is found that helium atoms strongly influenced on creep lifetime of the irradiated austenitic stainless steel, 316FR. It was found that the ratio of creep rupture time is slightly lower than the lower limit of previous study's Miyaji and co-workers in the region from 0.01 appm to 1 appm. It is also found that the lower limit of reduction ratio of creep rupture time (irradiation specimen to unirradiation one) does not decrease linearly with the helium production above 10 appm up to about 33 appm. dpa enhanced the reduction of creep lifetime. Recent R&D of high-energy accelerator driven target systems used under heavy irradiation environment is also introduced and discussed for high radiation resistance materials such as Ti alloys with very high number density of nano size precipitate, which have been studying under RaDIATE collaboration, from points of view of irradiation damage and materials development.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering