We analyzed the regulation by iron of alkaline proteinase (AP) production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Extracellular AP production was detected from the mid-logarithmic to the stationary phase by an antibody-based assay system, and was strongly repressed by iron in the medium. This repression was shown by Northern hybridization and primer extension to occur at the level of transcription. The primer extension analysis revealed that the start point of transcription of AP gene was the nucleotide position -84 from the start point of translation. Furthermore, we investigated whether this transcriptional repression involved PvdS protein. Using the mutant strain of pvdS, the alternative or factor gene revealed that the PvdS protein is required for the full expression of AP, and a previous study showed that expression of pvdS is also repressed by iron. Therefore, we thought that one mechanism of repression of AP production operated through reduction of the PvdS protein level. Purified AP decomposed the transferrin, and released iron from it. Purified AP added to the medium containing transferrin as the only iron source enhanced the growth of P. aeruginosa. Moreover, mutation in the AP gene decreased the growth rate in the medium containing the transferrin as the only iron source. These results clearly indicated that AP expression should occur in a free-iron-deficient environment and emphasized the importance of AP to iron acquisition in the infection site.
|ジャーナル||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2001|
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