The common intact parathyroid hormone (i-PTH) assay detects not only PTH (1-84) but also the PTH (7-84) fragment. Recently, it was reported that the PTH (7-84) fragment is an antagonist to the biological action of PTH (1-84). It was also reported that the accumulation of the PTH (7-84) fragment plays a role in skeletal resistance in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the role of accumulation of the PTH (7-84) fragment in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, with a different clearance rate from that of HD patients, is still unclear. Therefore, we have measured only the active form of PTH (1-84) using a new method of whole PTH (w-PTH) assay in 20 CAPD patients (15 male and five female; mean age 51.0±13.0 years). The mean w-PTH value was 88.5 ±14.2 pg/ml in CAPD patients, which was 42.1% of i-PTH (152.6±23.6 pg/ml). The approximate value of w-PTH was calculated using the following formula (w-PTH=0.58×iPTH-0.4, R2=0.94). PTH (7-84) fragment was calculated by the formula i-PTH-w-PTH. The PTH (7-84) fragment/w-PTH ratio as an index of skeletal resistance, and serum alkaline phosphatase activity as an osteoblastic marker were negatively correlated (P=0.02). From these results, we concluded that the i-PTH level as calculated using the common assay method might lead to an overestimation of parathyroid function and bone turnover in CAPD patients similarly to HD patients. The w-PTH assay may be useful for more precise evaluation of PTH activity in end-stage renal disease patients.
|ジャーナル||Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 6 1|
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