The structure and chemical nature of Pt in combustion-synthesized Pt/CeO2 catalysts have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), and temperature-programmed reaction (TPR). Catalytic oxidation of CO over Pt/CeO2 is correlated with its structure. High-resolution XRD studies show that the structure could be refined for the composition of Ce1-xPtxO2-δ in the fluorite structure with 6% oxide ion vacancy. TEM images show very few Pt particles on the CeO2 crystallite surface in as-prepared samples and a decrease in the density of Pt metal particles is observed on heating. XPS studies demonstrate that Pt is dispersed mostly in +2 (72%) and +4 (21%) oxidation states on CeO2, whereas only 7% is present as Pt metal particles. On heat treatment, Pt2+ species increase at the cost of Pt4+ ions. EXAFS studies show the average coordination number of 1.3 around the platinum ion in the first shell of 1% Pt/CeO2 at a distance of 1.98 Å, indicating oxide ion vacancy around the platinum ion. On heating, the average oxygen coordination of Pt and oxygen increases to 2.3. The second shell at 2.97 Å is due to Pt-Pt coordination, which is absent in PtO2 and PtO. The third shell at 3.28 Å is not observed either in Pt metal or any of the platinum oxides, which could be attributed to Pt2+-Ce4+ correlation. Thus, Pt/CeO2 forms a Ce1-xPtxO2-δ type of solid solution having Pt2+-O-Ce4+- kinds of linkages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)