Involvement of the orexin system in sympathetic nerve regulation

Manabu Murakami, Takayoshi Ohba, Testuya Kushikata, Hidetoshi Niwa, Akira Kurose, Tadaatsu Imaizumi, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Teruyuki Yanagisawa, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Kyoichi Ono, Kazuyoshi Hirota

研究成果: Article査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Orexin, also known as hypocretin, is a secreted neuropeptide implicated in the regulation of sleep and food intake. In the present study, we examined the importance of orexin in regulation of the sympathetic nervous system using an orexin/ataxin-3 transgenic (OXTg) rat, which has a minimal number of orexin neurons. RT-PCR analysis identified expression of prepro-orexin and orexin receptor-1 (OX1R) in the superior cervical ganglion (SCG), and expression of another receptor (OX2R) was marginal in the wild-type rat. The orexin/ataxin-3 transgenic rat showed increased expression of OX1R and OX2R, whereas expression of prepro-orexin was undetectable, suggesting a compensatory increase in both receptors. In the ECG recording (R-R interval), orexin/ataxin-3 transgenic rats showed decreased responsiveness to the β-adrenergic blocker propranolol. Furthermore, OXTg rats had deteriorated R-R interval regulation, indicating involvement of the orexin system in sympathetic nerve regulation. This was accompanied by decreased baroreflex and responsiveness to β-adrenergic blocker in blood pressure recording, also suggesting involvement of the orexin system in sympathetic nerve regulation. Histological examination revealed hypotrophic changes in the transgenic heart, suggesting involvement of the orexin system in cardiac development. Taken together, our present results indicate involvement of the orexin system in sympathetic nerve control.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1076-1081
ページ数6
ジャーナルBiochemical and biophysical research communications
460
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 5 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物理学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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