In the mouse macrophage-like cell line RAW 264, vacuolar-type (H+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) inhibitors, bafilomycin A1 and concanamycin A, increased the level of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 protein and its mRNA. The V-ATPase inhibitor-induced expression of COX-2 was suppressed by inhibitors of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and nuclear factor-κB, and by inhibitors of Na+/H+ exchangers (NHEs). The bafilomycin A1-induced activation of JNK but not degradation of IκB-α was suppressed by NHE inhibitors and by an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger SN-6. These results suggested that V-ATPase inhibitors induce the expression of COX-2 via NHE-dependent and -independent pathways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas