The atomic switches have attracted wide attention owing to their applications in nonvolatile electric devices. The atomic switch is operated by the formation and dissipation of a metallic filament inside a metal sulfide film, which is controlled by a solid electrochemical reaction. Although the metallic filament is considered to consist of metal atoms, the chemical species of the metallic filament are difficult to be identified due to challenges in observing the metallic filament inside the solid. In this study, we report the investigation on the metallic filament in the atomic switch with metal sulfide based on point-contact spectroscopy (PCS). By cooling the atomic switch, the switch voltage increased to 1 V, which allowed for the PCS measurement. The PCS revealed that the metallic filament was composed of Ag atoms in the case of the Pt/Ag2S/Ag atomic switch. We applied this technique to the Pt/Cu2S/Ag and Pt/Ag2S/Cu atomic switches to uncover the formation process of the metallic filament. In both atomic switches, the chemical species of the metallic filament were Ag. The metal atoms were supplied from both the metal electrode and the sulfide layer.
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