Unexpected inversion-symmetry breaking was observed in the order–disorder phase transitions of [M(acac)2(abco)2] (1; M=Co2+, 2; Ni2+, acac−=2,4-pentanedionato, abco=1-azabicyclo-[2.2.2]-octane=quinuclidine) during heating. The isostructural, transition-free complexes [M(acac)2(cabco)2] (3; M=Co2+, 4; Ni2+, cabco=3-chloro-1-azabicyclo-[2.2.2]-octane=3-chloroquinuclidine) were also studied for comparison. Complexes 1 and 2 crystallized in ordered phases in the centrosymmetric I2/m space group at 100 K, whereas they crystallized in disordered phases in the non-symmetric I2 space group at 300 K. The 60° step rotation disordering of the abco ligands was observed in the electron density maps of 1 and 2, which was consistent with the transition enthalpies estimated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Gradual phase transitions were observed for 1 and 2 by DSC and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) at approximately 225 K. The inversion-symmetry disordering was likely induced by the local pseudo-symmetry of the abco ligands, increasing from trigonal to hexagonal and the increased steric repulsion pathways among them.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry