An 83-year-old man without specific symptoms was referred to our hospital for further evaluation and treatment of apparent double primary tumors of the cystic duct and common bile duct. Computed tomography showed contrast-enhanced solid tumors in the cystic duct and common bile duct. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the bile duct tumor was isointense on T1-weighted images and had low intensity on T2-weighted images. In addition, the bile duct tumor showed high intensity on diffusion-weighted images. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed the tumor of the common bile duct and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography demonstrated a filling defect in the bile duct. The cystic duct was not identified on endoscopic ultrasonography or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Transpapillary biopsy of the bile duct tumor showed adenocarcinoma. The patient was diagnosed with double primary tumors of the cystic duct and the common bile duct and underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Microscopic examination with molecular profiling of the tumors revealed a high-grade noninvasive intracholecystic papillary neoplasm of the cystic duct extending into the common bile duct and forming a tubulopapillary neoplasm with invasion of the common bile duct.
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