Intestinal villous M cells: An antigen entry site in the mucosal epithelium

Myoung Ho Jang, Mi Na Kweon, Koichi Iwatani, Masafumi Yamamoto, Kazutaka Terahara, Chihiro Sasakawa, Toshihiko Suzuki, Tomonori Nochi, Yoshifumi Yokota, Paul D. Rennert, Takachika Hiroi, Hiroshi Tamagawa, Hideki Iijima, Jun Kunisawa, Yoshikazu Yuki, Hiroshi Kiyono

研究成果: Article査読

368 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

M cells located in the follicle-associated epithelium of Peyer's patches (PP) are shown to be the principal sites for the sampling of gut luminal antigens. Thus, PP have long been considered the gatekeepers of the mucosal immune system. Here, we report a distinct gateway for the uptake of gut bacteria: clusters of non-follicle-associated epithelium-associated Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA)-1+ cells, which we have designated intestinal villous M cells. Interestingly, villous M cells are developed in various PP [or gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT)]-null mice, such as in utero lymphotoxin β receptor (LTβR)-Ig-treated, lymphotoxin α (LTα)-/-, tumor necrosis factor/LTα-/-, and inhibition of differentiation 2 (Id2)-/- mice. Intestinal villous M cells have been observed to take up GFP-expressing Salmonella, Yersinia, and Escherichia coli-expressing invasin, as well as gut bacterial antigen for subsequent induction of antigen-specific immune responses. Thus, the identified villous M cells could be an alternative and PP-independent gateway for the induction of antigen-specific immune responses by means of the mucosal compartment.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)6110-6115
ページ数6
ジャーナルProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
101
16
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2004 4 20
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

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