Intestinal Clostridium species lower host susceptibility to enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection

Yukako Koyanagi, Rie Suzuki, Kohei Ihara, Hikaru Miyagi, Hiroshi Isogai, Hiroshi Yoneyama, Emiko Isogai

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Susceptibility to enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infection varies among humans. The intestinal microbiota seems to play an essential role in host defense against EHEC; thus, we hypothesized that indigenous bacteria, such as Clostridium ramosum and Clostridium perfringens, could influence the susceptibility to EHEC infection. To evaluate the effect of indigenous bacteria on EHEC infection, germ-free mice were precolonized with each indigenous bacterium, and then infected with EHEC O157:H7. Precolonization with C. ramosum or C. perfringens completely prevented death from EHEC infection througout a test period. Precolonization with C. ramosum also reduced the level of secreted Shiga toxin (Stx) 2 and prevented histopathological changes in the kidneys in a similar way to precolonization with Bifidobacterium longum, which is used as a model for preventing EHEC infection. In contrast, the mice precolonized with C. perfringens showed mild renal injuries. When evaluated using an in vitro co-culturing system, again C. ramosum inhibited the growth and Stx production of EHEC more potently than C. perfringens. These results indicate that C. ramosum and C. perfringens suppressed EHEC infection; however, the extent of their preventive effects differed. Therefore, the susceptibility to EHEC infection and its severity can depend on the functional bacteria present in the intestinal microbiota of individuals.

本文言語English
論文番号ftz036
ジャーナルPathogens and disease
77
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 6 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)
  • 微生物学(医療)
  • 感染症

フィンガープリント

「Intestinal Clostridium species lower host susceptibility to enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル