The inhibitory effects of ticlopidine on platelet function were evaluated in 18 healthy male volunteers using three different platelet function tests. Three methods include the recently developed small collagen-beads method, which evaluates the platelet response in whole blood samples under shear stress conditions, the conventional platelet aggregometry and a cone-plate viscometer which measures shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA). The latter two methods use platelet-rich plasma as measurement samples instead of whole blood. SIPA was significantly inhibited by the oral intake of ticlopidine. The conventional platelet aggregometry detected significant inhibition of ticlopidine on ADP-induced platelet aggregation. In contrast, ticlopidine moderately inhibited platelet aggregation induced by low concentrations of collagen, but not by high concentrations of collagen. With the collagen-bead column method, ticlopidine significantly inhibited platelet retention rates when the retention rates exceeded 30% prior to ticlopidine uptake. On the other hand, there was no significant inhibition when the original retention rates prior to ticlopidine uptake were below 30%. The three methods all proved useful to evaluate the effect of ticlopidine on platelet function. However, taking into consideration easy procedures, lower costs and use of whole blood samples under shear stress conditions, we suggest the collagen-bead column can serve as an appropriate method for monitoring ticlopidine therapy.
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