In the present study, we searched for genetic alterations of the entire coding region of PTEN/MMAC1, a recently isolated candidate tumor suppressor gene, in 178 specimens from Japanese patients with various malignant tumors by the polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism method. The samples consisted of 11 glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs), 14 astrocytomas, 47 breast cancers, 25 non-small cell lung cancers, 9 small cell lung cancers, 8 pancreatic cancers, 24 renal cell carcinomas, 20 ovarian cancers, and 20 metastatic lung tumors from various organs. Only one somatic frameshift mutation at codon 319 was observed in one (9%) of eleven GBMs. Our results suggest that mutation of the PTEN/MMAC1 gene does not play a major role in carcinogenesis, at least in the tumor types from Japanese patients analyzed in this study.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1997 11|
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