The induction of general anesthesia is one of the most stressful procedures during the perioperative period for pediatric patients. Postoperative negative behavioral changes, such as nightmares or separation anxiety are reported in the children undergoing general anesthesia. To avoid these problems, the anesthesiologists have to pay more attention to the psychological needs of young patients as well as the technical aspects. Preoperative interview is important to identify the child who has extreme fear and anxiety. Premedication with sedatives and psychological preparation are effective for the smooth induction. In this article, preparation for the induction and practical skills of the induction in children, newborns, as well as patients with difficult airway and with full stomach are summarized.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2007 5 1|
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