The interaction between grain boundaries (GBs) at a silicon crystal/melt interface was studied using in situ observations during directional solidification. Two small-angle GBs (SAGBs) interact with each other to produce a new SAGB with increased misorientaion. However, the interaction between Σ3 GBs and SAGBs reveals a different phenomenon. The extending directions and misorientations of the SAGBs and Σ3 GBs show no change before and after the convergence of these two planar defects at the crystal/melt interface.
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