In situ observation of crystallographic preferred orientation of deforming olivine at high pressure and high temperature

Tomohiro Ohuchi, Yu Nishihara, Yusuke Seto, Takaaki Kawazoe, Masayuki Nishi, Genta Maruyama, Mika Hashimoto, Yuji Higo, Ken ichi Funakoshi, Akio Suzuki, Takumi Kikegawa, Tetsuo Irifune

研究成果: Article査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Simple-shear deformation experiments on polycrystalline olivine and olivine single-crystal were conducted at pressures of 1.3-3.8. GPa and temperatures of 1223-1573. K to understand the achievement of steady-state fabric strength and the process of dynamic recrystallization. Development of crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) of olivine was evaluated from two-dimensional X-ray diffraction patterns, and shear strain was measured from X-ray radiographs. The steady-state fabric strength of the A-type fabric was achieved within total shear strain of γ= 2. At strains higher than γ= 1, an increase in concentration of the [0. 1. 0] axes mainly contributes to an increase in fabric strength. At strains higher than γ= 2, the magnitude of VSH/. VSV (i.e., ratio of horizontally and vertically polarized shear wave velocities) scarcely increased in most of the runs. The VSH/. VSV of peridotite (70. vol.% olivine. +. 30. vol.% minor phases) having the steady-state A-type olivine fabric coincides with that of recent global one-dimensional models under the assumption of horizontal flow, suggesting that the seismic anisotropy observed in the shallow upper mantle is mostly explained by the development of A-type olivine fabric. Experimental results on the deformation of single-crystal olivine showed that the CPO of olivine is influenced by the initial orientation of the starting single crystal because strain is concentrated in the recrystallized areas and the relic of the starting single crystal remains. In the upper mantle, the old CPO of olivine developed in the past may affect the olivine CPO developed in the present.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1-21
ページ数21
ジャーナルPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
243
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 6 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 地球物理学
  • 物理学および天文学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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