In order to alleviate substantial inhibition of anaerobic digestion by undegraded lipids that coat microorganisms in food wastes, an ozonation pretreatment was employed to degrade the lipids and promote methane production through two-stage dark hydrogen fermentation and anaerobic digestion. GC–MS analysis showed that degradation rate of glycerol trioleate into hexadecanoic acid and tetradecanoic acid increased to 78.6% when ozone concentration increased to 0.8 g-O3/g-TVS in the pretreatment. SEM and FTIR analysis indicated that coating of methanogens by lipids during the anaerobic digestion process was substantially relieved after ozonation pretreatment. The methane yield from glycerol trioleate after dark hydrogen fermentation increased by 81.9% to 946.5 mL/g-TVS after 0.8 g-O3/g-TVS pretreatment. When food waste (carbohydrate 45.7%, protein 21.4%, lipid 28.1%) and glycerol trioleate were mixed with a total volatile solids (TVS) ratio of 1:1, an ozonation pretreatment of 0.02 g-O3/g-TVS gave the highest energy conversion efficiency of 78.7% through two-stage dark hydrogen fermentation and anaerobic digestion. However, excessive ozone (≥0.05 g-O3/g-TVS) pretreatment decreased not only hydrogen yield but also methane yield, because most small-molecular carbohydrates and a part of proteins were destroyed by ozone oxidization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology