To investigate methods of improving the tensile and fatigue properties of a solutionized Ti29Nb13Ta4.6Zr (TNTZ) alloy without increasing its Young' modulus, two types of TNTZ alloys having oxygen contents of 0.06 and 0.14 mass% (TNTZ-0.06O and TNTZ-0.14O), respectively, were subjected to cold swaging and a subsequent heat-treatment. The effects of the grain refinement caused by the cold swaging and the subsequent heat-treatment as well as those of oxygen addition on the microstructures, Young's moduli and tensile and fatigue properties of the two alloys were investigated. The grain diameters of the TNTZ-0.06O and TNTZ-0.14O decrease from 27μm (as-received) to 1.7μm and from 33μm (as-received) to 1.0 μm, respectively, after subjected to cold swaging and the subsequent heat-treatment. These results suggest that cold swaging, followed by heat treatment, is effective in refining the grains of TNTZ alloys. However, a β (110) texture develops in the alloys as a result of the cold swaging. Young's moduli of as-cold swaged and heat-treated TNTZ-0.06O and TNTZ-0.14O are within the range of 6168 GPa and as low as those of solutionized TNTZ-0.06O and TNTZ-0.14O. The tensile strengths and elongations of the as-cold swaged, heat-treated and solutionized TNTZ-0.14O are approximately 30% higher and 20% lower, respectively, than those of the corresponding TNTZ-0.06O. Moreover, the 0.2% proof stresses of the heat-treated TNTZ-0.14O are approximately 110% higher than that of the corresponding TNTZ-0.06O. On the other hand, the values of the Hall-Petch constant (k) for the TNTZ-0.06O (kTNTZ-0.06O = 0.02) and TNTZ-0.14O (kTNTZ-0.14O = 0.005) are much smaller than those for pure Ti and another β-type Ti alloy (Ti15.2Mo). These results indicate that the addition of oxygen can improve the tensile properties of TNTZ alloys. However, the grain refinement caused by cold swaging and a subsequent heat-treatment does not have a significant effect on the tensile properties of TNTZ. The fatigue limit of the heat-treated TNTZ-0.14O (540 MPa) is much higher than those of the heat-treated and solutionized TNTZ-0.06O (290 and 230 MPa) and solutionized TNTZ-0.14O (330 MPa). These results indicated that it is possible to improve the fatigue properties of solutionized TNTZ using grain refinement, which can be induced by cold swaging and a subsequent heat-treatment and by the addition of oxygen.
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