Improvement of a shape memory alloy fibered aortic pulsation device

Mohamed O. Hashem, Y. Shiraishi, A. Yamada, Y. Tsuboko, H. Muira, T. Yambe, D. Homma

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

Aim: We have been developing a new aortic blood flow support device using shape memory alloy (SMA) fibers as an actuator. The special features of the device were as follows: a) totally implantable design, b) small and foldable structure with actuators. The system could represent similar function of the aortomyoplasty and the extra aortic balloon pump at the ascending or descending installation. The purpose of this study was to improve the device as a non-blood contacting pulsation system, aiming at the application for the physiologically effective assistance in the artery. Material & Methods: We have designed the prototype by using covalent-type Ni-Ti SMA fibers which is capable of contracting around the aorta circumferentially. In this study, we developed a new structural design with oblique fiber orientations. The device consisted of rubber silicone wall plates, serially connected for radial contraction by the SMA fibers. We reduced the diameter of the contraction by the device. Then we tested the new structural design in the mock system, and examined its functional changes to optimize the mechanical structural design with SMA fibers. We demonstrated the radial deformation effect by using 150 micron Ni-Ti SMA fibers in a multiple circumferential oblique patterns. The orientation and length of the fibers were evaluated by the changes in oblique angles against the longitudinal axis. The fibers were secured circumferentially by using a pair of plastic grooved chambers, where the changes and contractile function was examined for each fiber Result: We could sandwich the aortic tubing of which the diameter was smaller than 30mm, under the constant pressure condition of the aortic tubing at 100mmHg Conclusion: we successfully achieved the improvement of the contraction effects of the SMA fibered device for aortic compression for smaller diameter vessels by the circumferential alignment by oblique angle of fibers.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルThe 15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2013
編集者James Goh
出版社Springer Verlag
ページ399-402
ページ数4
ISBN(電子版)9783319029122
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014
イベント15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2013 - Singapore, Singapore
継続期間: 2013 12 42013 12 7

出版物シリーズ

名前IFMBE Proceedings
43
ISSN(印刷版)1680-0737

Other

Other15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2013
国/地域Singapore
CitySingapore
Period13/12/413/12/7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 生体医工学

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