Evaluation method of nano-scale internal cracks by ultrasonic atomic force microscopy (UAFM) is proposed based on two approaches. The first one is a linear vibration analysis of the contact stiffness calculated from a finite element method analysis of a model including a subsurface gap. The second one is a nonlinear vibration analysis of a stiffening or softening spring representing the opening-and-closing behavior of the gap. These methods were verified by obtaining the resonance frequency mapping, the load dependence of the resonance frequency and the resonance spectra in UAFM on a subsurface gap in highly oriented pyrolytic graphite. As a result, it was proved that the proposed method is useful for evaluating the opening-and-closing behavior of the gap. Although the present study is focused on a nano-scale gap, this method is applicable to larger scale cracks using a larger tip and more stiff support than those used in AFM.
|ジャーナル||Key Engineering Materials|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 1月 1|
|イベント||Advances in Fracture and Failure Prevention: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fracture and Strength of Solids (FEOFS2003): Second International Conference on Physics and Chemistry of Fracture and Failure Prevention (2nd ICPCF) - Sendai, Japan|
継続期間: 2003 10月 20 → 2003 10月 22
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