Previously we showed that the polyamine spermine (Spm) specifically leads to mitochondrial dysfunction in tobacco that is followed by the activation of salicylic acid-induced protein kinase and wound-induced protein kinase. To identify the possible downstream components of the Spm signalling pathway, we isolated Spm-responsive genes by a differential hybridization approach. This showed that the harpin-induced 1 (HIN1) gene is responsive to Spm. Genomic Southern analysis showed that HIN1 constitutes a multi-gene family and this led to the isolation of two novel HIN1-like tobacco cDNAs that we designated as HIN9 and HIN18. Both genes are also responsive to Spm, albeit HIN18 is induced weakly compared to HIN1 and HIN9. As HIN1 is up-regulated both during the hypersensitive response (HR) generated by an incompatible plant-pathogen interaction and during senescence, we compared the expression of the three HIN1 family genes in these situations. All three were responsive to HR due to Tobacco mosaic virus infection, although HIN18 was less efficiently induced, and HIN1 and HIN18 were both strongly up-regulated during leaf- and flower-senescence. This suggests that the signalling pathways in the HR and senescence overlap somehow but are distinct. That HIN1 and its closely related genes are Spm-responsive genes also supports the idea that Spm plays a role as a signal transmitter in the HR process.
|ジャーナル||Plant Molecular Biology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 3 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science