Enterobacter aerogenes, a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, is an effective producer of succinate from glucose via the reductive tricarboxylic acid cycle under anaerobic conditions. However, to date, succinate-exporter genes have not been identified in E. aerogenes, although succinate exporters have a large impact on fermentative succinate production. Recently, we genetically identified yjjP and yjjB, as genes encoding a succinate transporter in Escherichia coli. Evaluation of the yjjPB homologs in E. aerogenes (EayjjPB genes) showed that succinate accumulation increased from 4.1 g L−1 to 9.1 g L−1 when the EayjjPB genes were expressed under aerobic conditions. Under anaerobic conditions, succinate yield increased from 53% to 60% by EayjjPB expression and decreased to 48% by deletion of EayjjPB. Furthermore, the production levels of fumarate and malate, which are intermediates of the succinate-biosynthesis pathway, were also increased by EayjjPB expression. A complementation assay conducted in Corynebacterium glutamicum strain AJ110655ΔsucE1 demonstrated that both EaYjjP and EaYjjB are required for the restoration of succinate production. Taken together, these results suggest that EaYjjPB function as a dicarboxylate transporter in E. aerogenes and that the products of both genes are required for dicarboxylate transport.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology