Stable genic male sterility (GMS), which is not influenced by environmental factors, has not been used for F1 hybrid seed production because male-sterile inbred lines cannot be developed and male-sterile plants must be selected from segregating populations every time. However, the stability of male sterility may provide a reliable system for F1 seed production without contamination of selfed seeds. A genic male-sterile mutant in rice (Oryza sativa L.), C204, which was selected from progeny of the cultivar 'Koshihikari' irradiated by gamma rays, has shorter and whiter anthers than those of 'Koshihikari' and has no pollen grains. Segregation analysis of C204 suggested the male sterility of this mutant to be controlled by a recessive allele of a single gene. Linkage analysis of a mutated gene responsible for the male sterility revealed the gene to be in a region of ca. 75 kb on the long arm of chromosome 9. The nine genes predicted in the 75-kb region were sequenced, and compared with the published Nipponbare genome sequences. A single-base deletion was found in the first exon of a C204 allele of Os09g0493500, which encodes an NAD-dependent epimerase/dehydratase family protein, resulting in a frameshift causing a premature stop codon. A dot-blot single nucleotide polymorphism marker for detection of the single-base deletion in Os09g0493500 was developed. We herein propose an F1 hybrid seed production system using stable GMS with a simple selection method of GMS plants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas